Njohuri për pijet

Tema1: Pijet, klasifikimi, rëndësia e tyre në ndërmarrjet gastronomike.

Beverage has been classified into two categories

  • Alcoholic Beverage
  • Non Alcoholic Beverage

Alcoholic Beverage (C2H5OH)

Alcoholic beverage is portable liquid which contain 2% to 75% of liquor. They are produced by the introduction of yeast for fermentation into substance such as fruits, cereal (grain), molasses and plant extract.

Technically, it is known as ethyl alcohol that forms as the product of a chemical reaction in which yeast converts the glucose present in the cereals or molasses into alcohol & carbon dioxide(CO2), though there are other reaction taking place at the same time and that also influence the character of the finished beverage. Alcoholic beverage has been divided into three categories, they are as follow

  • Fermented Alcoholic Beverage
  • Distilled Alcoholic beverage
  • Compound Alcoholic beverage



Non-alcoholic beverage refers to non-intoxication drinks or soft drinks, which doesn’t have a bit of liquor by volume or yeast is not introduced to convert sugar into alcohol during fermentation. They are considering as soft drinks, which can be have according to the choice and standard. They are found in the bottle or canned or open liquids to consume in any stage of the meal or without meal. The bottles or cans are hygienically and sold in the market in the safe manner, e.g. aerated waters, mineral water, juices, squashes, syrups, etc.

Non-Alcoholic beverage is sold and consumes by human according to their needs and requirement, and no any bar law can restrict its sale as it doesn’t have any intoxicating character. Therefore, soft drinks can be sold or consumed in any time of the day or night, and any type of the span of life. In hospitality industries, the non-alcoholic beverage are essentially provided and served as a breakfast, lunch, and dinner with or without meal to the customer. While we talk about the non-alcoholic beverage mostly we prefer juice, lassi, squash, tea, coffee, hot chocolate, soft drinks like coke, sprite, fanta, real and etc.

Non-alcoholic beverage can also be used while making cocktails and mocktails. They stimulate the plate & act as an aperitif. It is widely used for diluting spirits with soft and cold drinks, like rum and coke, whiskey and soda water, gin and tonic water, etc. It not only adds to the taste on it but also enhance colour & flavour and eye appeal.


There are different types of  Non- Alcoholic Beverages.
1) Bottled Water:
    According to FDA (Food and Drug Administration) bottled water is a water that is intended for human consumption, which is sealed in bottles or any other container without any ingredients. This water is consider as a suitable antimicrobial and safe drinking water.

2) Milk :
    Milk is also consider as non- alcoholic beverage because it contains no any alcoholic. Milk is consider as primary source of nutrition. which produce energy and reduce many disease. Milk is white liquid which are produced by mammals.


3)  Tea:
Tea is consider as a second most consumed drinks in the world. Tea is made from dry leaves of tea plant camellia. Tea is prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over a tea leaves.

4) Coffee:


Coffee is available in many varieties such as caffeinated, decaffeinated , brewed, roasted, instant , flavoured. This is prepared from the baked or roasted  seeds of several species of an evergreen shrub of the genuscoffea.

5) Soft Drinks :


Soft drinks are consider as a non- alcoholic carbonated beverages which is made of mixing dry ingredients or fresh ingredient without no any alcohol. (for example lemons,oranges etc ) with water.

6) Juice Drinks:
Juice is a liquid which naturally combination of fruits and vegetables, This is prepared by squeezing or macerating fruit of vegetables flesh without the application of heat or solvent.

(example orange juice , tomato juice )